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winstore.c

/*
 * winstore.c: Windows-specific implementation of the interface
 * defined in storage.h.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include "putty.h"
#include "storage.h"

#include <shlobj.h>
#ifndef CSIDL_APPDATA
#define CSIDL_APPDATA 0x001a
#endif
#ifndef CSIDL_LOCAL_APPDATA
#define CSIDL_LOCAL_APPDATA 0x001c
#endif

static const char *const puttystr = PUTTY_REG_POS "\\Sessions";

static const char hex[16] = "0123456789ABCDEF";

static int tried_shgetfolderpath = FALSE;
static HMODULE shell32_module = NULL;
typedef HRESULT (WINAPI *p_SHGetFolderPath_t)
    (HWND, int, HANDLE, DWORD, LPTSTR);
static p_SHGetFolderPath_t p_SHGetFolderPath = NULL;

static void mungestr(const char *in, char *out)
{
    int candot = 0;

    while (*in) {
      if (*in == ' ' || *in == '\\' || *in == '*' || *in == '?' ||
          *in == '%' || *in < ' ' || *in > '~' || (*in == '.'
                                         && !candot)) {
          *out++ = '%';
          *out++ = hex[((unsigned char) *in) >> 4];
          *out++ = hex[((unsigned char) *in) & 15];
      } else
          *out++ = *in;
      in++;
      candot = 1;
    }
    *out = '\0';
    return;
}

static void unmungestr(const char *in, char *out, int outlen)
{
    while (*in) {
      if (*in == '%' && in[1] && in[2]) {
          int i, j;

          i = in[1] - '0';
          i -= (i > 9 ? 7 : 0);
          j = in[2] - '0';
          j -= (j > 9 ? 7 : 0);

          *out++ = (i << 4) + j;
          if (!--outlen)
            return;
          in += 3;
      } else {
          *out++ = *in++;
          if (!--outlen)
            return;
      }
    }
    *out = '\0';
    return;
}

void *open_settings_w(const char *sessionname, char **errmsg)
{
    HKEY subkey1, sesskey;
    int ret;
    char *p;

    *errmsg = NULL;

    if (!sessionname || !*sessionname)
      sessionname = "Default Settings";

    p = snewn(3 * strlen(sessionname) + 1, char);
    mungestr(sessionname, p);

    ret = RegCreateKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, puttystr, &subkey1);
    if (ret != ERROR_SUCCESS) {
      sfree(p);
        *errmsg = dupprintf("Unable to create registry key\n"
                            "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\\%s", puttystr);
      return NULL;
    }
    ret = RegCreateKey(subkey1, p, &sesskey);
    RegCloseKey(subkey1);
    if (ret != ERROR_SUCCESS) {
        *errmsg = dupprintf("Unable to create registry key\n"
                            "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\\%s\\%s", puttystr, p);
      sfree(p);
      return NULL;
    }
    sfree(p);
    return (void *) sesskey;
}

void write_setting_s(void *handle, const char *key, const char *value)
{
    if (handle)
      RegSetValueEx((HKEY) handle, key, 0, REG_SZ, value,
                  1 + strlen(value));
}

void write_setting_i(void *handle, const char *key, int value)
{
    if (handle)
      RegSetValueEx((HKEY) handle, key, 0, REG_DWORD,
                  (CONST BYTE *) &value, sizeof(value));
}

void close_settings_w(void *handle)
{
    RegCloseKey((HKEY) handle);
}

void *open_settings_r(const char *sessionname)
{
    HKEY subkey1, sesskey;
    char *p;

    if (!sessionname || !*sessionname)
      sessionname = "Default Settings";

    p = snewn(3 * strlen(sessionname) + 1, char);
    mungestr(sessionname, p);

    if (RegOpenKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, puttystr, &subkey1) != ERROR_SUCCESS) {
      sesskey = NULL;
    } else {
      if (RegOpenKey(subkey1, p, &sesskey) != ERROR_SUCCESS) {
          sesskey = NULL;
      }
      RegCloseKey(subkey1);
    }

    sfree(p);

    return (void *) sesskey;
}

char *read_setting_s(void *handle, const char *key, char *buffer, int buflen)
{
    DWORD type, size;
    size = buflen;

    if (!handle ||
      RegQueryValueEx((HKEY) handle, key, 0,
                  &type, buffer, &size) != ERROR_SUCCESS ||
      type != REG_SZ) return NULL;
    else
      return buffer;
}

int read_setting_i(void *handle, const char *key, int defvalue)
{
    DWORD type, val, size;
    size = sizeof(val);

    if (!handle ||
      RegQueryValueEx((HKEY) handle, key, 0, &type,
                  (BYTE *) &val, &size) != ERROR_SUCCESS ||
      size != sizeof(val) || type != REG_DWORD)
      return defvalue;
    else
      return val;
}

int read_setting_fontspec(void *handle, const char *name, FontSpec *result)
{
    char *settingname;
    FontSpec ret;

    if (!read_setting_s(handle, name, ret.name, sizeof(ret.name)))
      return 0;
    settingname = dupcat(name, "IsBold", NULL);
    ret.isbold = read_setting_i(handle, settingname, -1);
    sfree(settingname);
    if (ret.isbold == -1) return 0;
    settingname = dupcat(name, "CharSet", NULL);
    ret.charset = read_setting_i(handle, settingname, -1);
    sfree(settingname);
    if (ret.charset == -1) return 0;
    settingname = dupcat(name, "Height", NULL);
    ret.height = read_setting_i(handle, settingname, INT_MIN);
    sfree(settingname);
    if (ret.height == INT_MIN) return 0;
    *result = ret;
    return 1;
}

void write_setting_fontspec(void *handle, const char *name, FontSpec font)
{
    char *settingname;

    write_setting_s(handle, name, font.name);
    settingname = dupcat(name, "IsBold", NULL);
    write_setting_i(handle, settingname, font.isbold);
    sfree(settingname);
    settingname = dupcat(name, "CharSet", NULL);
    write_setting_i(handle, settingname, font.charset);
    sfree(settingname);
    settingname = dupcat(name, "Height", NULL);
    write_setting_i(handle, settingname, font.height);
    sfree(settingname);
}

int read_setting_filename(void *handle, const char *name, Filename *result)
{
    return !!read_setting_s(handle, name, result->path, sizeof(result->path));
}

void write_setting_filename(void *handle, const char *name, Filename result)
{
    write_setting_s(handle, name, result.path);
}

void close_settings_r(void *handle)
{
    RegCloseKey((HKEY) handle);
}

void del_settings(const char *sessionname)
{
    HKEY subkey1;
    char *p;

    if (RegOpenKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, puttystr, &subkey1) != ERROR_SUCCESS)
      return;

    p = snewn(3 * strlen(sessionname) + 1, char);
    mungestr(sessionname, p);
    RegDeleteKey(subkey1, p);
    sfree(p);

    RegCloseKey(subkey1);
}

struct enumsettings {
    HKEY key;
    int i;
};

void *enum_settings_start(void)
{
    struct enumsettings *ret;
    HKEY key;

    if (RegOpenKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, puttystr, &key) != ERROR_SUCCESS)
      return NULL;

    ret = snew(struct enumsettings);
    if (ret) {
      ret->key = key;
      ret->i = 0;
    }

    return ret;
}

char *enum_settings_next(void *handle, char *buffer, int buflen)
{
    struct enumsettings *e = (struct enumsettings *) handle;
    char *otherbuf;
    otherbuf = snewn(3 * buflen, char);
    if (RegEnumKey(e->key, e->i++, otherbuf, 3 * buflen) == ERROR_SUCCESS) {
      unmungestr(otherbuf, buffer, buflen);
      sfree(otherbuf);
      return buffer;
    } else {
      sfree(otherbuf);
      return NULL;
    }
}

void enum_settings_finish(void *handle)
{
    struct enumsettings *e = (struct enumsettings *) handle;
    RegCloseKey(e->key);
    sfree(e);
}

static void hostkey_regname(char *buffer, const char *hostname,
                      int port, const char *keytype)
{
    int len;
    strcpy(buffer, keytype);
    strcat(buffer, "@");
    len = strlen(buffer);
    len += sprintf(buffer + len, "%d:", port);
    mungestr(hostname, buffer + strlen(buffer));
}

int verify_host_key(const char *hostname, int port,
                const char *keytype, const char *key)
{
    char *otherstr, *regname;
    int len;
    HKEY rkey;
    DWORD readlen;
    DWORD type;
    int ret, compare;

    len = 1 + strlen(key);

    /*
     * Now read a saved key in from the registry and see what it
     * says.
     */
    otherstr = snewn(len, char);
    regname = snewn(3 * (strlen(hostname) + strlen(keytype)) + 15, char);

    hostkey_regname(regname, hostname, port, keytype);

    if (RegOpenKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, PUTTY_REG_POS "\\SshHostKeys",
               &rkey) != ERROR_SUCCESS)
      return 1;                /* key does not exist in registry */

    readlen = len;
    ret = RegQueryValueEx(rkey, regname, NULL, &type, otherstr, &readlen);

    if (ret != ERROR_SUCCESS && ret != ERROR_MORE_DATA &&
      !strcmp(keytype, "rsa")) {
      /*
       * Key didn't exist. If the key type is RSA, we'll try
       * another trick, which is to look up the _old_ key format
       * under just the hostname and translate that.
       */
      char *justhost = regname + 1 + strcspn(regname, ":");
      char *oldstyle = snewn(len + 10, char);   /* safety margin */
      readlen = len;
      ret = RegQueryValueEx(rkey, justhost, NULL, &type,
                        oldstyle, &readlen);

      if (ret == ERROR_SUCCESS && type == REG_SZ) {
          /*
           * The old format is two old-style bignums separated by
           * a slash. An old-style bignum is made of groups of
           * four hex digits: digits are ordered in sensible
           * (most to least significant) order within each group,
           * but groups are ordered in silly (least to most)
           * order within the bignum. The new format is two
           * ordinary C-format hex numbers (0xABCDEFG...XYZ, with
           * A nonzero except in the special case 0x0, which
           * doesn't appear anyway in RSA keys) separated by a
           * comma. All hex digits are lowercase in both formats.
           */
          char *p = otherstr;
          char *q = oldstyle;
          int i, j;

          for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
            int ndigits, nwords;
            *p++ = '0';
            *p++ = 'x';
            ndigits = strcspn(q, "/");    /* find / or end of string */
            nwords = ndigits / 4;
            /* now trim ndigits to remove leading zeros */
            while (q[(ndigits - 1) ^ 3] == '0' && ndigits > 1)
                ndigits--;
            /* now move digits over to new string */
            for (j = 0; j < ndigits; j++)
                p[ndigits - 1 - j] = q[j ^ 3];
            p += ndigits;
            q += nwords * 4;
            if (*q) {
                q++;           /* eat the slash */
                *p++ = ',';          /* add a comma */
            }
            *p = '\0';         /* terminate the string */
          }

          /*
           * Now _if_ this key matches, we'll enter it in the new
           * format. If not, we'll assume something odd went
           * wrong, and hyper-cautiously do nothing.
           */
          if (!strcmp(otherstr, key))
            RegSetValueEx(rkey, regname, 0, REG_SZ, otherstr,
                        strlen(otherstr) + 1);
      }
    }

    RegCloseKey(rkey);

    compare = strcmp(otherstr, key);

    sfree(otherstr);
    sfree(regname);

    if (ret == ERROR_MORE_DATA ||
      (ret == ERROR_SUCCESS && type == REG_SZ && compare))
      return 2;                /* key is different in registry */
    else if (ret != ERROR_SUCCESS || type != REG_SZ)
      return 1;                /* key does not exist in registry */
    else
      return 0;                /* key matched OK in registry */
}

void store_host_key(const char *hostname, int port,
                const char *keytype, const char *key)
{
    char *regname;
    HKEY rkey;

    regname = snewn(3 * (strlen(hostname) + strlen(keytype)) + 15, char);

    hostkey_regname(regname, hostname, port, keytype);

    if (RegCreateKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, PUTTY_REG_POS "\\SshHostKeys",
                 &rkey) == ERROR_SUCCESS) {
      RegSetValueEx(rkey, regname, 0, REG_SZ, key, strlen(key) + 1);
      RegCloseKey(rkey);
    } /* else key does not exist in registry */

    sfree(regname);
}

/*
 * Open (or delete) the random seed file.
 */
enum { DEL, OPEN_R, OPEN_W };
static int try_random_seed(char const *path, int action, HANDLE *ret)
{
    if (action == DEL) {
      remove(path);
      *ret = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
      return FALSE;                  /* so we'll do the next ones too */
    }

    *ret = CreateFile(path,
                  action == OPEN_W ? GENERIC_WRITE : GENERIC_READ,
                  action == OPEN_W ? 0 : (FILE_SHARE_READ |
                                    FILE_SHARE_WRITE),
                  NULL,
                  action == OPEN_W ? CREATE_ALWAYS : OPEN_EXISTING,
                  action == OPEN_W ? FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL : 0,
                  NULL);

    return (*ret != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE);
}

static HANDLE access_random_seed(int action)
{
    HKEY rkey;
    DWORD type, size;
    HANDLE rethandle;
    char seedpath[2 * MAX_PATH + 10] = "\0";

    /*
     * Iterate over a selection of possible random seed paths until
     * we find one that works.
     * 
     * We do this iteration separately for reading and writing,
     * meaning that we will automatically migrate random seed files
     * if a better location becomes available (by reading from the
     * best location in which we actually find one, and then
     * writing to the best location in which we can _create_ one).
     */

    /*
     * First, try the location specified by the user in the
     * Registry, if any.
     */
    size = sizeof(seedpath);
    if (RegOpenKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, PUTTY_REG_POS, &rkey) ==
      ERROR_SUCCESS) {
      int ret = RegQueryValueEx(rkey, "RandSeedFile",
                          0, &type, seedpath, &size);
      if (ret != ERROR_SUCCESS || type != REG_SZ)
          seedpath[0] = '\0';
      RegCloseKey(rkey);

      if (*seedpath && try_random_seed(seedpath, action, &rethandle))
          return rethandle;
    }

    /*
     * Next, try the user's local Application Data directory,
     * followed by their non-local one. This is found using the
     * SHGetFolderPath function, which won't be present on all
     * versions of Windows.
     */
    if (!tried_shgetfolderpath) {
      /* This is likely only to bear fruit on systems with IE5+
       * installed, or WinMe/2K+. There is some faffing with
       * SHFOLDER.DLL we could do to try to find an equivalent
       * on older versions of Windows if we cared enough.
       * However, the invocation below requires IE5+ anyway,
       * so stuff that. */
      shell32_module = LoadLibrary("SHELL32.DLL");
      if (shell32_module) {
          p_SHGetFolderPath = (p_SHGetFolderPath_t)
            GetProcAddress(shell32_module, "SHGetFolderPathA");
      }
    }
    if (p_SHGetFolderPath) {
      if (SUCCEEDED(p_SHGetFolderPath(NULL, CSIDL_LOCAL_APPDATA,
                              NULL, SHGFP_TYPE_CURRENT, seedpath))) {
          strcat(seedpath, "\\PUTTY.RND");
          if (try_random_seed(seedpath, action, &rethandle))
            return rethandle;
      }

      if (SUCCEEDED(p_SHGetFolderPath(NULL, CSIDL_APPDATA,
                              NULL, SHGFP_TYPE_CURRENT, seedpath))) {
          strcat(seedpath, "\\PUTTY.RND");
          if (try_random_seed(seedpath, action, &rethandle))
            return rethandle;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Failing that, try %HOMEDRIVE%%HOMEPATH% as a guess at the
     * user's home directory.
     */
    {
      int len, ret;

      len =
          GetEnvironmentVariable("HOMEDRIVE", seedpath,
                           sizeof(seedpath));
      ret =
          GetEnvironmentVariable("HOMEPATH", seedpath + len,
                           sizeof(seedpath) - len);
      if (ret != 0) {
          strcat(seedpath, "\\PUTTY.RND");
          if (try_random_seed(seedpath, action, &rethandle))
            return rethandle;
      }
    }

    /*
     * And finally, fall back to C:\WINDOWS.
     */
    GetWindowsDirectory(seedpath, sizeof(seedpath));
    strcat(seedpath, "\\PUTTY.RND");
    if (try_random_seed(seedpath, action, &rethandle))
      return rethandle;

    /*
     * If even that failed, give up.
     */
    return INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
}

void read_random_seed(noise_consumer_t consumer)
{
    HANDLE seedf = access_random_seed(OPEN_R);

    if (seedf != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
      while (1) {
          char buf[1024];
          DWORD len;

          if (ReadFile(seedf, buf, sizeof(buf), &len, NULL) && len)
            consumer(buf, len);
          else
            break;
      }
      CloseHandle(seedf);
    }
}

void write_random_seed(void *data, int len)
{
    HANDLE seedf = access_random_seed(OPEN_W);

    if (seedf != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
      DWORD lenwritten;

      WriteFile(seedf, data, len, &lenwritten, NULL);
      CloseHandle(seedf);
    }
}

/*
 * Recursively delete a registry key and everything under it.
 */
static void registry_recursive_remove(HKEY key)
{
    DWORD i;
    char name[MAX_PATH + 1];
    HKEY subkey;

    i = 0;
    while (RegEnumKey(key, i, name, sizeof(name)) == ERROR_SUCCESS) {
      if (RegOpenKey(key, name, &subkey) == ERROR_SUCCESS) {
          registry_recursive_remove(subkey);
          RegCloseKey(subkey);
      }
      RegDeleteKey(key, name);
    }
}

void cleanup_all(void)
{
    HKEY key;
    int ret;
    char name[MAX_PATH + 1];

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------
     * Wipe out the random seed file, in all of its possible
     * locations.
     */
    access_random_seed(DEL);

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------
     * Destroy all registry information associated with PuTTY.
     */

    /*
     * Open the main PuTTY registry key and remove everything in it.
     */
    if (RegOpenKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, PUTTY_REG_POS, &key) ==
      ERROR_SUCCESS) {
      registry_recursive_remove(key);
      RegCloseKey(key);
    }
    /*
     * Now open the parent key and remove the PuTTY main key. Once
     * we've done that, see if the parent key has any other
     * children.
     */
    if (RegOpenKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, PUTTY_REG_PARENT,
               &key) == ERROR_SUCCESS) {
      RegDeleteKey(key, PUTTY_REG_PARENT_CHILD);
      ret = RegEnumKey(key, 0, name, sizeof(name));
      RegCloseKey(key);
      /*
       * If the parent key had no other children, we must delete
       * it in its turn. That means opening the _grandparent_
       * key.
       */
      if (ret != ERROR_SUCCESS) {
          if (RegOpenKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, PUTTY_REG_GPARENT,
                     &key) == ERROR_SUCCESS) {
            RegDeleteKey(key, PUTTY_REG_GPARENT_CHILD);
            RegCloseKey(key);
          }
      }
    }
    /*
     * Now we're done.
     */
}

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