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putty.h

#ifndef PUTTY_PUTTY_H
#define PUTTY_PUTTY_H

#include <stddef.h>                  /* for wchar_t */

/*
 * Global variables. Most modules declare these `extern', but
 * window.c will do `#define PUTTY_DO_GLOBALS' before including this
 * module, and so will get them properly defined.
 */
#ifndef GLOBAL
#ifdef PUTTY_DO_GLOBALS
#define GLOBAL
#else
#define GLOBAL extern
#endif
#endif

#ifndef DONE_TYPEDEFS
#define DONE_TYPEDEFS
typedef struct config_tag Config;
typedef struct backend_tag Backend;
typedef struct terminal_tag Terminal;
#endif

#include "puttyps.h"
#include "network.h"
#include "misc.h"

/*
 * Fingerprints of the PGP master keys that can be used to establish a trust
 * path between an executable and other files.
 */
#define PGP_RSA_MASTER_KEY_FP \
    "8F 15 97 DA 25 30 AB 0D  88 D1 92 54 11 CF 0C 4C"
#define PGP_DSA_MASTER_KEY_FP \
    "313C 3E76 4B74 C2C5 F2AE  83A8 4F5E 6DF5 6A93 B34E"

/* Three attribute types: 
 * The ATTRs (normal attributes) are stored with the characters in
 * the main display arrays
 *
 * The TATTRs (temporary attributes) are generated on the fly, they
 * can overlap with characters but not with normal attributes.
 *
 * The LATTRs (line attributes) are an entirely disjoint space of
 * flags.
 * 
 * The DATTRs (display attributes) are internal to terminal.c (but
 * defined here because their values have to match the others
 * here); they reuse the TATTR_* space but are always masked off
 * before sending to the front end.
 *
 * ATTR_INVALID is an illegal colour combination.
 */

#define TATTR_ACTCURS       0x40000000UL      /* active cursor (block) */
#define TATTR_PASCURS       0x20000000UL      /* passive cursor (box) */
#define TATTR_RIGHTCURS     0x10000000UL      /* cursor-on-RHS */
#define TATTR_COMBINING     0x80000000UL      /* combining characters */

#define DATTR_STARTRUN      0x80000000UL   /* start of redraw run */

#define TDATTR_MASK         0xF0000000UL
#define TATTR_MASK (TDATTR_MASK)
#define DATTR_MASK (TDATTR_MASK)

#define LATTR_NORM   0x00000000UL
#define LATTR_WIDE   0x00000001UL
#define LATTR_TOP    0x00000002UL
#define LATTR_BOT    0x00000003UL
#define LATTR_MODE   0x00000003UL
#define LATTR_WRAPPED 0x00000010UL     /* this line wraps to next */
#define LATTR_WRAPPED2 0x00000020UL    /* with WRAPPED: CJK wide character
                                wrapped to next line, so last
                                single-width cell is empty */

#define ATTR_INVALID 0x03FFFFU

/* Like Linux use the F000 page for direct to font. */
#define CSET_OEMCP   0x0000F000UL      /* OEM Codepage DTF */
#define CSET_ACP     0x0000F100UL      /* Ansi Codepage DTF */

/* These are internal use overlapping with the UTF-16 surrogates */
#define CSET_ASCII   0x0000D800UL      /* normal ASCII charset ESC ( B */
#define CSET_LINEDRW 0x0000D900UL      /* line drawing charset ESC ( 0 */
#define CSET_SCOACS  0x0000DA00UL      /* SCO Alternate charset */
#define CSET_GBCHR   0x0000DB00UL      /* UK variant   charset ESC ( A */
#define CSET_MASK    0xFFFFFF00UL      /* Character set mask */

#define DIRECT_CHAR(c) ((c&0xFFFFFC00)==0xD800)
#define DIRECT_FONT(c) ((c&0xFFFFFE00)==0xF000)

#define UCSERR         (CSET_LINEDRW|'a') /* UCS Format error character. */
/*
 * UCSWIDE is a special value used in the terminal data to signify
 * the character cell containing the right-hand half of a CJK wide
 * character. We use 0xDFFF because it's part of the surrogate
 * range and hence won't be used for anything else (it's impossible
 * to input it via UTF-8 because our UTF-8 decoder correctly
 * rejects surrogates).
 */
#define UCSWIDE        0xDFFF

#define ATTR_NARROW  0x800000U
#define ATTR_WIDE    0x400000U
#define ATTR_BOLD    0x040000U
#define ATTR_UNDER   0x080000U
#define ATTR_REVERSE 0x100000U
#define ATTR_BLINK   0x200000U
#define ATTR_FGMASK  0x0001FFU
#define ATTR_BGMASK  0x03FE00U
#define ATTR_COLOURS 0x03FFFFU
#define ATTR_FGSHIFT 0
#define ATTR_BGSHIFT 9

/*
 * The definitive list of colour numbers stored in terminal
 * attribute words is kept here. It is:
 * 
 *  - 0-7 are ANSI colours (KRGYBMCW).
 *  - 8-15 are the bold versions of those colours.
 *  - 16-255 are the remains of the xterm 256-colour mode (a
 *    216-colour cube with R at most significant and B at least,
 *    followed by a uniform series of grey shades running between
 *    black and white but not including either on grounds of
 *    redundancy).
 *  - 256 is default foreground
 *  - 257 is default bold foreground
 *  - 258 is default background
 *  - 259 is default bold background
 *  - 260 is cursor foreground
 *  - 261 is cursor background
 */

#define ATTR_DEFFG   (256 << ATTR_FGSHIFT)
#define ATTR_DEFBG   (258 << ATTR_BGSHIFT)
#define ATTR_DEFAULT (ATTR_DEFFG | ATTR_DEFBG)

struct sesslist {
    int nsessions;
    char **sessions;
    char *buffer;              /* so memory can be freed later */
};

struct unicode_data {
    char **uni_tbl;
    int dbcs_screenfont;
    int font_codepage;
    int line_codepage;
    wchar_t unitab_scoacs[256];
    wchar_t unitab_line[256];
    wchar_t unitab_font[256];
    wchar_t unitab_xterm[256];
    wchar_t unitab_oemcp[256];
    unsigned char unitab_ctrl[256];
};

#define LGXF_OVR  1                  /* existing logfile overwrite */
#define LGXF_APN  0                  /* existing logfile append */
#define LGXF_ASK -1                  /* existing logfile ask */
#define LGTYP_NONE  0                /* logmode: no logging */
#define LGTYP_ASCII 1                /* logmode: pure ascii */
#define LGTYP_DEBUG 2                /* logmode: all chars of traffic */
#define LGTYP_PACKETS 3              /* logmode: SSH data packets */
#define LGTYP_SSHRAW 4               /* logmode: SSH raw data */

typedef enum {
    /* Actual special commands. Originally Telnet, but some codes have
     * been re-used for similar specials in other protocols. */
    TS_AYT, TS_BRK, TS_SYNCH, TS_EC, TS_EL, TS_GA, TS_NOP, TS_ABORT,
    TS_AO, TS_IP, TS_SUSP, TS_EOR, TS_EOF, TS_LECHO, TS_RECHO, TS_PING,
    TS_EOL,
    /* Special command for SSH. */
    TS_REKEY,
    /* POSIX-style signals. (not Telnet) */
    TS_SIGABRT, TS_SIGALRM, TS_SIGFPE,  TS_SIGHUP,  TS_SIGILL,
    TS_SIGINT,  TS_SIGKILL, TS_SIGPIPE, TS_SIGQUIT, TS_SIGSEGV,
    TS_SIGTERM, TS_SIGUSR1, TS_SIGUSR2,
    /* Pseudo-specials used for constructing the specials menu. */
    TS_SEP,     /* Separator */
    TS_SUBMENU,       /* Start a new submenu with specified name */
    TS_EXITMENU       /* Exit current submenu or end of specials */
} Telnet_Special;

struct telnet_special {
    const char *name;
    int code;
};

typedef enum {
    MBT_NOTHING,
    MBT_LEFT, MBT_MIDDLE, MBT_RIGHT,   /* `raw' button designations */
    MBT_SELECT, MBT_EXTEND, MBT_PASTE, /* `cooked' button designations */
    MBT_WHEEL_UP, MBT_WHEEL_DOWN       /* mouse wheel */
} Mouse_Button;

typedef enum {
    MA_NOTHING, MA_CLICK, MA_2CLK, MA_3CLK, MA_DRAG, MA_RELEASE
} Mouse_Action;

/* Keyboard modifiers -- keys the user is actually holding down */

#define PKM_SHIFT 0x01
#define PKM_CONTROL     0x02
#define PKM_META  0x04
#define PKM_ALT         0x08

/* Keyboard flags that aren't really modifiers */
#define PKF_CAPSLOCK    0x10
#define PKF_NUMLOCK     0x20
#define PKF_REPEAT      0x40

/* Stand-alone keysyms for function keys */

typedef enum {
    PK_NULL,            /* No symbol for this key */
    /* Main keypad keys */
    PK_ESCAPE, PK_TAB, PK_BACKSPACE, PK_RETURN, PK_COMPOSE,
    /* Editing keys */
    PK_HOME, PK_INSERT, PK_DELETE, PK_END, PK_PAGEUP, PK_PAGEDOWN,
    /* Cursor keys */
    PK_UP, PK_DOWN, PK_RIGHT, PK_LEFT, PK_REST,
    /* Numeric keypad */                  /* Real one looks like: */
    PK_PF1, PK_PF2, PK_PF3, PK_PF4,       /* PF1 PF2 PF3 PF4 */
    PK_KPCOMMA, PK_KPMINUS, PK_KPDECIMAL, /*  7   8   9   -  */
    PK_KP0, PK_KP1, PK_KP2, PK_KP3, PK_KP4,     /*  4   5   6   ,  */
    PK_KP5, PK_KP6, PK_KP7, PK_KP8, PK_KP9,     /*  1   2   3  en- */
    PK_KPBIGPLUS, PK_KPENTER,             /*    0     .  ter */
    /* Top row */
    PK_F1,  PK_F2,  PK_F3,  PK_F4,  PK_F5,
    PK_F6,  PK_F7,  PK_F8,  PK_F9,  PK_F10,
    PK_F11, PK_F12, PK_F13, PK_F14, PK_F15,
    PK_F16, PK_F17, PK_F18, PK_F19, PK_F20,
    PK_PAUSE
} Key_Sym;

#define PK_ISEDITING(k) ((k) >= PK_HOME && (k) <= PK_PAGEDOWN)
#define PK_ISCURSOR(k)  ((k) >= PK_UP && (k) <= PK_REST)
#define PK_ISKEYPAD(k)  ((k) >= PK_PF1 && (k) <= PK_KPENTER)
#define PK_ISFKEY(k)    ((k) >= PK_F1 && (k) <= PK_F20)

enum {
    VT_XWINDOWS, VT_OEMANSI, VT_OEMONLY, VT_POORMAN, VT_UNICODE
};

enum {
    /*
     * SSH-2 key exchange algorithms
     */
    KEX_WARN,
    KEX_DHGROUP1,
    KEX_DHGROUP14,
    KEX_DHGEX,
    KEX_RSA,
    KEX_MAX
};

enum {
    /*
     * SSH ciphers (both SSH-1 and SSH-2)
     */
    CIPHER_WARN,               /* pseudo 'cipher' */
    CIPHER_3DES,
    CIPHER_BLOWFISH,
    CIPHER_AES,                      /* (SSH-2 only) */
    CIPHER_DES,
    CIPHER_ARCFOUR,
    CIPHER_MAX                       /* no. ciphers (inc warn) */
};

enum {
    /*
     * Several different bits of the PuTTY configuration seem to be
     * three-way settings whose values are `always yes', `always
     * no', and `decide by some more complex automated means'. This
     * is true of line discipline options (local echo and line
     * editing), proxy DNS, Close On Exit, and SSH server bug
     * workarounds. Accordingly I supply a single enum here to deal
     * with them all.
     */
    FORCE_ON, FORCE_OFF, AUTO
};

enum {
    /*
     * Proxy types.
     */
    PROXY_NONE, PROXY_SOCKS4, PROXY_SOCKS5,
    PROXY_HTTP, PROXY_TELNET, PROXY_CMD
};

enum {
    /*
     * Line discipline options which the backend might try to control.
     */
    LD_EDIT,                         /* local line editing */
    LD_ECHO                    /* local echo */
};

enum {
    /* Actions on remote window title query */
    TITLE_NONE, TITLE_EMPTY, TITLE_REAL
};

enum {
    /* Protocol back ends. (cfg.protocol) */
    PROT_RAW, PROT_TELNET, PROT_RLOGIN, PROT_SSH,
    /* PROT_SERIAL is supported on a subset of platforms, but it doesn't
     * hurt to define it globally. */
    PROT_SERIAL
};

enum {
    /* Bell settings (cfg.beep) */
    BELL_DISABLED, BELL_DEFAULT, BELL_VISUAL, BELL_WAVEFILE, BELL_PCSPEAKER
};

enum {
    /* Taskbar flashing indication on bell (cfg.beep_ind) */
    B_IND_DISABLED, B_IND_FLASH, B_IND_STEADY
};

enum {
    /* Resize actions (cfg.resize_action) */
    RESIZE_TERM, RESIZE_DISABLED, RESIZE_FONT, RESIZE_EITHER
};

enum {
    /* Function key types (cfg.funky_type) */
    FUNKY_TILDE,
    FUNKY_LINUX,
    FUNKY_XTERM,
    FUNKY_VT400,
    FUNKY_VT100P,
    FUNKY_SCO
};

enum {
    FQ_DEFAULT, FQ_ANTIALIASED, FQ_NONANTIALIASED, FQ_CLEARTYPE
};

enum {
    SER_PAR_NONE, SER_PAR_ODD, SER_PAR_EVEN, SER_PAR_MARK, SER_PAR_SPACE
};

enum {
    SER_FLOW_NONE, SER_FLOW_XONXOFF, SER_FLOW_RTSCTS, SER_FLOW_DSRDTR
};

extern const char *const ttymodes[];

enum {
    /*
     * Network address types. Used for specifying choice of IPv4/v6
     * in config; also used in proxy.c to indicate whether a given
     * host name has already been resolved or will be resolved at
     * the proxy end.
     */
    ADDRTYPE_UNSPEC, ADDRTYPE_IPV4, ADDRTYPE_IPV6, ADDRTYPE_NAME
};

struct backend_tag {
    const char *(*init) (void *frontend_handle, void **backend_handle,
                   Config *cfg,
                   char *host, int port, char **realhost, int nodelay,
                   int keepalive);
    void (*free) (void *handle);
    /* back->reconfig() passes in a replacement configuration. */
    void (*reconfig) (void *handle, Config *cfg);
    /* back->send() returns the current amount of buffered data. */
    int (*send) (void *handle, char *buf, int len);
    /* back->sendbuffer() does the same thing but without attempting a send */
    int (*sendbuffer) (void *handle);
    void (*size) (void *handle, int width, int height);
    void (*special) (void *handle, Telnet_Special code);
    const struct telnet_special *(*get_specials) (void *handle);
    int (*connected) (void *handle);
    int (*exitcode) (void *handle);
    /* If back->sendok() returns FALSE, data sent to it from the frontend
     * may be lost. */
    int (*sendok) (void *handle);
    int (*ldisc) (void *handle, int);
    void (*provide_ldisc) (void *handle, void *ldisc);
    void (*provide_logctx) (void *handle, void *logctx);
    /*
     * back->unthrottle() tells the back end that the front end
     * buffer is clearing.
     */
    void (*unthrottle) (void *handle, int);
    int (*cfg_info) (void *handle);
    char *name;
    int protocol;
    int default_port;
};

extern Backend *backends[];

/*
 * Suggested default protocol provided by the backend link module.
 * The application is free to ignore this.
 */
extern const int be_default_protocol;

/*
 * Name of this particular application, for use in the config box
 * and other pieces of text.
 */
extern const char *const appname;

/*
 * IMPORTANT POLICY POINT: everything in this structure which wants
 * to be treated like an integer must be an actual, honest-to-
 * goodness `int'. No enum-typed variables. This is because parts
 * of the code will want to pass around `int *' pointers to them
 * and we can't run the risk of porting to some system on which the
 * enum comes out as a different size from int.
 */
struct config_tag {
    /* Basic options */
    char host[512];
    int port;
    int protocol;
    int addressfamily;
    int close_on_exit;
    int warn_on_close;
    int ping_interval;               /* in seconds */
    int tcp_nodelay;
    int tcp_keepalives;
    /* Proxy options */
    char proxy_exclude_list[512];
    int proxy_dns;
    int even_proxy_localhost;
    int proxy_type;
    char proxy_host[512];
    int proxy_port;
    char proxy_username[128];
    char proxy_password[128];
    char proxy_telnet_command[512];
    /* SSH options */
    char remote_cmd[512];
    char *remote_cmd_ptr;            /* might point to a larger command
                                * but never for loading/saving */
    char *remote_cmd_ptr2;           /* might point to a larger command
                                * but never for loading/saving */
    int nopty;
    int compression;
    int ssh_kexlist[KEX_MAX];
    int ssh_rekey_time;              /* in minutes */
    char ssh_rekey_data[16];
    int tryagent;
    int agentfwd;
    int change_username;             /* allow username switching in SSH-2 */
    int ssh_cipherlist[CIPHER_MAX];
    Filename keyfile;
    int sshprot;               /* use v1 or v2 when both available */
    int ssh2_des_cbc;                /* "des-cbc" unrecommended SSH-2 cipher */
    int ssh_no_userauth;             /* bypass "ssh-userauth" (SSH-2 only) */
    int try_tis_auth;
    int try_ki_auth;
    int ssh_subsys;                  /* run a subsystem rather than a command */
    int ssh_subsys2;                 /* fallback to go with remote_cmd_ptr2 */
    int ssh_no_shell;                /* avoid running a shell */
    char ssh_nc_host[512];           /* host to connect to in `nc' mode */
    int ssh_nc_port;                 /* port to connect to in `nc' mode */
    /* Telnet options */
    char termtype[32];
    char termspeed[32];
    char ttymodes[768];              /* MODE\tVvalue\0MODE\tA\0\0 */
    char environmt[1024];            /* VAR\tvalue\0VAR\tvalue\0\0 */
    char username[100];
    char localusername[100];
    int rfc_environ;
    int passive_telnet;
    /* Serial port options */
    char serline[256];
    int serspeed;
    int serdatabits, serstopbits;
    int serparity;
    int serflow;
    /* Keyboard options */
    int bksp_is_delete;
    int rxvt_homeend;
    int funky_type;
    int no_applic_c;                 /* totally disable app cursor keys */
    int no_applic_k;                 /* totally disable app keypad */
    int no_mouse_rep;                /* totally disable mouse reporting */
    int no_remote_resize;            /* disable remote resizing */
    int no_alt_screen;               /* disable alternate screen */
    int no_remote_wintitle;          /* disable remote retitling */
    int no_dbackspace;               /* disable destructive backspace */
    int no_remote_charset;           /* disable remote charset config */
    int remote_qtitle_action;        /* remote win title query action */
    int app_cursor;
    int app_keypad;
    int nethack_keypad;
    int telnet_keyboard;
    int telnet_newline;
    int alt_f4;                      /* is it special? */
    int alt_space;                   /* is it special? */
    int alt_only;              /* is it special? */
    int localecho;
    int localedit;
    int alwaysontop;
    int fullscreenonaltenter;
    int scroll_on_key;
    int scroll_on_disp;
    int erase_to_scrollback;
    int compose_key;
    int ctrlaltkeys;
    char wintitle[256];              /* initial window title */
    /* Terminal options */
    int savelines;
    int dec_om;
    int wrap_mode;
    int lfhascr;
    int cursor_type;                 /* 0=block 1=underline 2=vertical */
    int blink_cur;
    int beep;
    int beep_ind;
    int bellovl;               /* bell overload protection active? */
    int bellovl_n;                   /* number of bells to cause overload */
    int bellovl_t;                   /* time interval for overload (seconds) */
    int bellovl_s;                   /* period of silence to re-enable bell (s) */
    Filename bell_wavefile;
    int scrollbar;
    int scrollbar_in_fullscreen;
    int resize_action;
    int bce;
    int blinktext;
    int win_name_always;
    int width, height;
    FontSpec font;
    int font_quality;
    Filename logfilename;
    int logtype;
    int logxfovr;
    int logflush;
    int logomitpass;
    int logomitdata;
    int hide_mouseptr;
    int sunken_edge;
    int window_border;
    char answerback[256];
    char printer[128];
    int arabicshaping;
    int bidi;
    /* Colour options */
    int ansi_colour;
    int xterm_256_colour;
    int system_colour;
    int try_palette;
    int bold_colour;
    unsigned char colours[22][3];
    /* Selection options */
    int mouse_is_xterm;
    int rect_select;
    int rawcnp;
    int rtf_paste;
    int mouse_override;
    short wordness[256];
    /* translations */
    int vtmode;
    char line_codepage[128];
    int cjk_ambig_wide;
    int utf8_override;
    int xlat_capslockcyr;
    /* X11 forwarding */
    int x11_forward;
    char x11_display[128];
    int x11_auth;
    /* port forwarding */
    int lport_acceptall; /* accept conns from hosts other than localhost */
    int rport_acceptall; /* same for remote forwarded ports (SSH-2 only) */
    /*
     * The port forwarding string contains a number of
     * NUL-terminated substrings, terminated in turn by an empty
     * string (i.e. a second NUL immediately after the previous
     * one). Each string can be of one of the following forms:
     * 
     *   [LR]localport\thost:port
     *   [LR]localaddr:localport\thost:port
     *   Dlocalport
     *   Dlocaladdr:localport
     */
    char portfwd[1024];
    /* SSH bug compatibility modes */
    int sshbug_ignore1, sshbug_plainpw1, sshbug_rsa1,
      sshbug_hmac2, sshbug_derivekey2, sshbug_rsapad2,
      sshbug_pksessid2, sshbug_rekey2;
    /*
     * ssh_simple means that we promise never to open any channel other
     * than the main one, which means it can safely use a very large
     * window in SSH-2.
     */
    int ssh_simple;
    /* Options for pterm. Should split out into platform-dependent part. */
    int stamp_utmp;
    int login_shell;
    int scrollbar_on_left;
    int shadowbold;
    FontSpec boldfont;
    FontSpec widefont;
    FontSpec wideboldfont;
    int shadowboldoffset;
    int crhaslf;
};

/*
 * Some global flags denoting the type of application.
 * 
 * FLAG_VERBOSE is set when the user requests verbose details.
 * 
 * FLAG_STDERR is set in command-line applications (which have a
 * functioning stderr that it makes sense to write to) and not in
 * GUI applications (which don't).
 * 
 * FLAG_INTERACTIVE is set when a full interactive shell session is
 * being run, _either_ because no remote command has been provided
 * _or_ because the application is GUI and can't run non-
 * interactively.
 * 
 * These flags describe the type of _application_ - they wouldn't
 * vary between individual sessions - and so it's OK to have this
 * variable be GLOBAL.
 * 
 * Note that additional flags may be defined in platform-specific
 * headers. It's probably best if those ones start from 0x1000, to
 * avoid collision.
 */
#define FLAG_VERBOSE     0x0001
#define FLAG_STDERR      0x0002
#define FLAG_INTERACTIVE 0x0004
GLOBAL int flags;

/*
 * Likewise, these two variables are set up when the application
 * initialises, and inform all default-settings accesses after
 * that.
 */
GLOBAL int default_protocol;
GLOBAL int default_port;

/*
 * This is set TRUE by cmdline.c iff a session is loaded with "-load".
 */
GLOBAL int loaded_session;

struct RSAKey;                       /* be a little careful of scope */

/*
 * Mechanism for getting text strings such as usernames and passwords
 * from the front-end.
 * The fields are mostly modelled after SSH's keyboard-interactive auth.
 * FIXME We should probably mandate a character set/encoding (probably UTF-8).
 *
 * Since many of the pieces of text involved may be chosen by the server,
 * the caller must take care to ensure that the server can't spoof locally-
 * generated prompts such as key passphrase prompts. Some ground rules:
 *  - If the front-end needs to truncate a string, it should lop off the
 *    end.
 *  - The front-end should filter out any dangerous characters and
 *    generally not trust the strings. (But \n is required to behave
 *    vaguely sensibly, at least in `instruction', and ideally in
 *    `prompt[]' too.)
 */
typedef struct {
    char *prompt;
    int echo;
    char *result; /* allocated/freed by caller */
    size_t result_len;
} prompt_t;
typedef struct {
    /*
     * Indicates whether the information entered is to be used locally
     * (for instance a key passphrase prompt), or is destined for the wire.
     * This is a hint only; the front-end is at liberty not to use this
     * information (so the caller should ensure that the supplied text is
     * sufficient).
     */
    int to_server;
    char *name;         /* Short description, perhaps for dialog box title */
    int name_reqd;      /* Display of `name' required or optional? */
    char *instruction;  /* Long description, maybe with embedded newlines */
    int instr_reqd;     /* Display of `instruction' required or optional? */
    size_t n_prompts;
    prompt_t **prompts;
    void *frontend;
    void *data;         /* slot for housekeeping data, managed by
                   * get_userpass_input(); initially NULL */
} prompts_t;
prompts_t *new_prompts(void *frontend);
void add_prompt(prompts_t *p, char *promptstr, int echo, size_t len);
/* Burn the evidence. (Assumes _all_ strings want free()ing.) */
void free_prompts(prompts_t *p);

/*
 * Exports from the front end.
 */
void request_resize(void *frontend, int, int);
void do_text(Context, int, int, wchar_t *, int, unsigned long, int);
void do_cursor(Context, int, int, wchar_t *, int, unsigned long, int);
int char_width(Context ctx, int uc);
#ifdef OPTIMISE_SCROLL
void do_scroll(Context, int, int, int);
#endif
void set_title(void *frontend, char *);
void set_icon(void *frontend, char *);
void set_sbar(void *frontend, int, int, int);
Context get_ctx(void *frontend);
void free_ctx(Context);
void palette_set(void *frontend, int, int, int, int);
void palette_reset(void *frontend);
void write_aclip(void *frontend, char *, int, int);
void write_clip(void *frontend, wchar_t *, int *, int, int);
void get_clip(void *frontend, wchar_t **, int *);
void optimised_move(void *frontend, int, int, int);
void set_raw_mouse_mode(void *frontend, int);
void connection_fatal(void *frontend, char *, ...);
void fatalbox(char *, ...);
void modalfatalbox(char *, ...);
#ifdef macintosh
#pragma noreturn(fatalbox)
#pragma noreturn(modalfatalbox)
#endif
void do_beep(void *frontend, int);
void begin_session(void *frontend);
void sys_cursor(void *frontend, int x, int y);
void request_paste(void *frontend);
void frontend_keypress(void *frontend);
void ldisc_update(void *frontend, int echo, int edit);
/* It's the backend's responsibility to invoke this at the start of a
 * connection, if necessary; it can also invoke it later if the set of
 * special commands changes. It does not need to invoke it at session
 * shutdown. */
void update_specials_menu(void *frontend);
int from_backend(void *frontend, int is_stderr, const char *data, int len);
int from_backend_untrusted(void *frontend, const char *data, int len);
void notify_remote_exit(void *frontend);
/* Get a sensible value for a tty mode. NULL return = don't set.
 * Otherwise, returned value should be freed by caller. */
char *get_ttymode(void *frontend, const char *mode);
/*
 * >0 = `got all results, carry on'
 * 0  = `user cancelled' (FIXME distinguish "give up entirely" and "next auth"?)
 * <0 = `please call back later with more in/inlen'
 */
int get_userpass_input(prompts_t *p, unsigned char *in, int inlen);
#define OPTIMISE_IS_SCROLL 1

void set_iconic(void *frontend, int iconic);
void move_window(void *frontend, int x, int y);
void set_zorder(void *frontend, int top);
void refresh_window(void *frontend);
void set_zoomed(void *frontend, int zoomed);
int is_iconic(void *frontend);
void get_window_pos(void *frontend, int *x, int *y);
void get_window_pixels(void *frontend, int *x, int *y);
char *get_window_title(void *frontend, int icon);
/* Hint from backend to frontend about time-consuming operations.
 * Initial state is assumed to be BUSY_NOT. */
enum {
    BUSY_NOT,         /* Not busy, all user interaction OK */
    BUSY_WAITING,   /* Waiting for something; local event loops still running
                   so some local interaction (e.g. menus) OK, but network
                   stuff is suspended */
    BUSY_CPU          /* Locally busy (e.g. crypto); user interaction suspended */
};
void set_busy_status(void *frontend, int status);

void cleanup_exit(int);

/*
 * Exports from noise.c.
 */
void noise_get_heavy(void (*func) (void *, int));
void noise_get_light(void (*func) (void *, int));
void noise_regular(void);
void noise_ultralight(unsigned long data);
void random_save_seed(void);
void random_destroy_seed(void);

/*
 * Exports from settings.c.
 */
Backend *backend_from_name(const char *name);
Backend *backend_from_proto(int proto);
char *save_settings(char *section, Config * cfg);
void save_open_settings(void *sesskey, Config *cfg);
void load_settings(char *section, Config * cfg);
void load_open_settings(void *sesskey, Config *cfg);
void get_sesslist(struct sesslist *, int allocate);
void do_defaults(char *, Config *);
void registry_cleanup(void);

/*
 * Functions used by settings.c to provide platform-specific
 * default settings.
 * 
 * (The integer one is expected to return `def' if it has no clear
 * opinion of its own. This is because there's no integer value
 * which I can reliably set aside to indicate `nil'. The string
 * function is perfectly all right returning NULL, of course. The
 * Filename and FontSpec functions are _not allowed_ to fail to
 * return, since these defaults _must_ be per-platform.)
 */
char *platform_default_s(const char *name);
int platform_default_i(const char *name, int def);
Filename platform_default_filename(const char *name);
FontSpec platform_default_fontspec(const char *name);

/*
 * Exports from terminal.c.
 */

Terminal *term_init(Config *, struct unicode_data *, void *);
void term_free(Terminal *);
void term_size(Terminal *, int, int, int);
void term_paint(Terminal *, Context, int, int, int, int, int);
void term_scroll(Terminal *, int, int);
void term_pwron(Terminal *, int);
void term_clrsb(Terminal *);
void term_mouse(Terminal *, Mouse_Button, Mouse_Button, Mouse_Action,
            int,int,int,int,int);
void term_key(Terminal *, Key_Sym, wchar_t *, size_t, unsigned int,
            unsigned int);
void term_deselect(Terminal *);
void term_update(Terminal *);
void term_invalidate(Terminal *);
void term_blink(Terminal *, int set_cursor);
void term_do_paste(Terminal *);
int term_paste_pending(Terminal *);
void term_paste(Terminal *);
void term_nopaste(Terminal *);
int term_ldisc(Terminal *, int option);
void term_copyall(Terminal *);
void term_reconfig(Terminal *, Config *);
void term_seen_key_event(Terminal *); 
int term_data(Terminal *, int is_stderr, const char *data, int len);
int term_data_untrusted(Terminal *, const char *data, int len);
void term_provide_resize_fn(Terminal *term,
                      void (*resize_fn)(void *, int, int),
                      void *resize_ctx);
void term_provide_logctx(Terminal *term, void *logctx);
void term_set_focus(Terminal *term, int has_focus);
char *term_get_ttymode(Terminal *term, const char *mode);
int term_get_userpass_input(Terminal *term, prompts_t *p,
                      unsigned char *in, int inlen);

/*
 * Exports from logging.c.
 */
void *log_init(void *frontend, Config *cfg);
void log_free(void *logctx);
void log_reconfig(void *logctx, Config *cfg);
void logfopen(void *logctx);
void logfclose(void *logctx);
void logtraffic(void *logctx, unsigned char c, int logmode);
void logflush(void *logctx);
void log_eventlog(void *logctx, const char *string);
enum { PKT_INCOMING, PKT_OUTGOING };
enum { PKTLOG_EMIT, PKTLOG_BLANK, PKTLOG_OMIT };
struct logblank_t {
    int offset;
    int len;
    int type;
};
void log_packet(void *logctx, int direction, int type,
            char *texttype, void *data, int len,
            int n_blanks, const struct logblank_t *blanks);

/*
 * Exports from testback.c
 */

extern Backend null_backend;
extern Backend loop_backend;

/*
 * Exports from raw.c.
 */

extern Backend raw_backend;

/*
 * Exports from rlogin.c.
 */

extern Backend rlogin_backend;

/*
 * Exports from telnet.c.
 */

extern Backend telnet_backend;

/*
 * Exports from ssh.c.
 */
extern Backend ssh_backend;

/*
 * Exports from ldisc.c.
 */
void *ldisc_create(Config *, Terminal *, Backend *, void *, void *);
void ldisc_free(void *);
void ldisc_send(void *handle, char *buf, int len, int interactive);

/*
 * Exports from ldiscucs.c.
 */
void lpage_send(void *, int codepage, char *buf, int len, int interactive);
void luni_send(void *, wchar_t * widebuf, int len, int interactive);

/*
 * Exports from sshrand.c.
 */

void random_add_noise(void *noise, int length);
int random_byte(void);
void random_get_savedata(void **data, int *len);
extern int random_active;
/* The random number subsystem is activated if at least one other entity
 * within the program expresses an interest in it. So each SSH session
 * calls random_ref on startup and random_unref on shutdown. */
void random_ref(void);
void random_unref(void);

/*
 * Exports from pinger.c.
 */
typedef struct pinger_tag *Pinger;
Pinger pinger_new(Config *cfg, Backend *back, void *backhandle);
void pinger_reconfig(Pinger, Config *oldcfg, Config *newcfg);
void pinger_free(Pinger);

/*
 * Exports from misc.c.
 */

#include "misc.h"
int cfg_launchable(const Config *cfg);
char const *cfg_dest(const Config *cfg);

/*
 * Exports from sercfg.c.
 */
void ser_setup_config_box(struct controlbox *b, int midsession,
                    int parity_mask, int flow_mask);

/*
 * Exports from version.c.
 */
extern char ver[];

/*
 * Exports from unicode.c.
 */
#ifndef CP_UTF8
#define CP_UTF8 65001
#endif
/* void init_ucs(void); -- this is now in platform-specific headers */
int is_dbcs_leadbyte(int codepage, char byte);
int mb_to_wc(int codepage, int flags, char *mbstr, int mblen,
           wchar_t *wcstr, int wclen);
int wc_to_mb(int codepage, int flags, wchar_t *wcstr, int wclen,
           char *mbstr, int mblen, char *defchr, int *defused,
           struct unicode_data *ucsdata);
wchar_t xlat_uskbd2cyrllic(int ch);
int check_compose(int first, int second);
int decode_codepage(char *cp_name);
const char *cp_enumerate (int index);
const char *cp_name(int codepage);
void get_unitab(int codepage, wchar_t * unitab, int ftype);

/*
 * Exports from wcwidth.c
 */
int mk_wcwidth(wchar_t ucs);
int mk_wcswidth(const wchar_t *pwcs, size_t n);
int mk_wcwidth_cjk(wchar_t ucs);
int mk_wcswidth_cjk(const wchar_t *pwcs, size_t n);

/*
 * Exports from mscrypto.c
 */
#ifdef MSCRYPTOAPI
int crypto_startup();
void crypto_wrapup();
#endif

/*
 * Exports from pageantc.c.
 * 
 * agent_query returns 1 for here's-a-response, and 0 for query-in-
 * progress. In the latter case there will be a call to `callback'
 * at some future point, passing callback_ctx as the first
 * parameter and the actual reply data as the second and third.
 * 
 * The response may be a NULL pointer (in either of the synchronous
 * or asynchronous cases), which indicates failure to receive a
 * response.
 */
int agent_query(void *in, int inlen, void **out, int *outlen,
            void (*callback)(void *, void *, int), void *callback_ctx);
int agent_exists(void);

/*
 * Exports from wildcard.c
 */
const char *wc_error(int value);
int wc_match(const char *wildcard, const char *target);
int wc_unescape(char *output, const char *wildcard);

/*
 * Exports from frontend (windlg.c etc)
 */
void logevent(void *frontend, const char *);
void pgp_fingerprints(void);
/*
 * verify_ssh_host_key() can return one of three values:
 * 
 *  - +1 means `key was OK' (either already known or the user just
 *    approved it) `so continue with the connection'
 * 
 *  - 0 means `key was not OK, abandon the connection'
 * 
 *  - -1 means `I've initiated enquiries, please wait to be called
 *    back via the provided function with a result that's either 0
 *    or +1'.
 */
int verify_ssh_host_key(void *frontend, char *host, int port, char *keytype,
                        char *keystr, char *fingerprint,
                        void (*callback)(void *ctx, int result), void *ctx);
/*
 * askalg has the same set of return values as verify_ssh_host_key.
 */
int askalg(void *frontend, const char *algtype, const char *algname,
         void (*callback)(void *ctx, int result), void *ctx);
/*
 * askappend can return four values:
 * 
 *  - 2 means overwrite the log file
 *  - 1 means append to the log file
 *  - 0 means cancel logging for this session
 *  - -1 means please wait.
 */
int askappend(void *frontend, Filename filename,
            void (*callback)(void *ctx, int result), void *ctx);

/*
 * Exports from console frontends (wincons.c, uxcons.c)
 * that aren't equivalents to things in windlg.c et al.
 */
extern int console_batch_mode;
int console_get_userpass_input(prompts_t *p, unsigned char *in, int inlen);
void console_provide_logctx(void *logctx);
int is_interactive(void);

/*
 * Exports from printing.c.
 */
typedef struct printer_enum_tag printer_enum;
typedef struct printer_job_tag printer_job;
printer_enum *printer_start_enum(int *nprinters);
char *printer_get_name(printer_enum *, int);
void printer_finish_enum(printer_enum *);
printer_job *printer_start_job(char *printer);
void printer_job_data(printer_job *, void *, int);
void printer_finish_job(printer_job *);

/*
 * Exports from cmdline.c (and also cmdline_error(), which is
 * defined differently in various places and required _by_
 * cmdline.c).
 */
int cmdline_process_param(char *, char *, int, Config *);
void cmdline_run_saved(Config *);
void cmdline_cleanup(void);
int cmdline_get_passwd_input(prompts_t *p, unsigned char *in, int inlen);
#define TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER 1
#define TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK 2
extern int cmdline_tooltype;

void cmdline_error(char *, ...);

/*
 * Exports from config.c.
 */
struct controlbox;
void setup_config_box(struct controlbox *b, int midsession,
                  int protocol, int protcfginfo);

/*
 * Exports from minibidi.c.
 */
typedef struct bidi_char {
    wchar_t origwc, wc;
    unsigned short index;
} bidi_char;
int do_bidi(bidi_char *line, int count);
int do_shape(bidi_char *line, bidi_char *to, int count);
int is_rtl(int c);

/*
 * X11 auth mechanisms we know about.
 */
enum {
    X11_NO_AUTH,
    X11_MIT,                           /* MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1 */
    X11_XDM,                         /* XDM-AUTHORIZATION-1 */
    X11_NAUTHS
};
extern const char *const x11_authnames[];  /* declared in x11fwd.c */

/*
 * Miscellaneous exports from the platform-specific code.
 */
Filename filename_from_str(const char *string);
const char *filename_to_str(const Filename *fn);
int filename_equal(Filename f1, Filename f2);
int filename_is_null(Filename fn);
char *get_username(void);            /* return value needs freeing */
char *get_random_data(int bytes);      /* used in cmdgen.c */

/*
 * Exports and imports from timing.c.
 *
 * schedule_timer() asks the front end to schedule a callback to a
 * timer function in a given number of ticks. The returned value is
 * the time (in ticks since an arbitrary offset) at which the
 * callback can be expected. This value will also be passed as the
 * `now' parameter to the callback function. Hence, you can (for
 * example) schedule an event at a particular time by calling
 * schedule_timer() and storing the return value in your context
 * structure as the time when that event is due. The first time a
 * callback function gives you that value or more as `now', you do
 * the thing.
 * 
 * expire_timer_context() drops all current timers associated with
 * a given value of ctx (for when you're about to free ctx).
 * 
 * run_timers() is called from the front end when it has reason to
 * think some timers have reached their moment, or when it simply
 * needs to know how long to wait next. We pass it the time we
 * think it is. It returns TRUE and places the time when the next
 * timer needs to go off in `next', or alternatively it returns
 * FALSE if there are no timers at all pending.
 * 
 * timer_change_notify() must be supplied by the front end; it
 * notifies the front end that a new timer has been added to the
 * list which is sooner than any existing ones. It provides the
 * time when that timer needs to go off.
 * 
 * *** FRONT END IMPLEMENTORS NOTE:
 * 
 * There's an important subtlety in the front-end implementation of
 * the timer interface. When a front end is given a `next' value,
 * either returned from run_timers() or via timer_change_notify(),
 * it should ensure that it really passes _that value_ as the `now'
 * parameter to its next run_timers call. It should _not_ simply
 * call GETTICKCOUNT() to get the `now' parameter when invoking
 * run_timers().
 * 
 * The reason for this is that an OS's system clock might not agree
 * exactly with the timing mechanisms it supplies to wait for a
 * given interval. I'll illustrate this by the simple example of
 * Unix Plink, which uses timeouts to select() in a way which for
 * these purposes can simply be considered to be a wait() function.
 * Suppose, for the sake of argument, that this wait() function
 * tends to return early by 1%. Then a possible sequence of actions
 * is:
 * 
 *  - run_timers() tells the front end that the next timer firing
 *    is 10000ms from now.
 *  - Front end calls wait(10000ms), but according to
 *    GETTICKCOUNT() it has only waited for 9900ms.
 *  - Front end calls run_timers() again, passing time T-100ms as
 *    `now'.
 *  - run_timers() does nothing, and says the next timer firing is
 *    still 100ms from now.
 *  - Front end calls wait(100ms), which only waits for 99ms.
 *  - Front end calls run_timers() yet again, passing time T-1ms.
 *  - run_timers() says there's still 1ms to wait.
 *  - Front end calls wait(1ms).
 * 
 * If you're _lucky_ at this point, wait(1ms) will actually wait
 * for 1ms and you'll only have woken the program up three times.
 * If you're unlucky, wait(1ms) might do nothing at all due to
 * being below some minimum threshold, and you might find your
 * program spends the whole of the last millisecond tight-looping
 * between wait() and run_timers().
 * 
 * Instead, what you should do is to _save_ the precise `next'
 * value provided by run_timers() or via timer_change_notify(), and
 * use that precise value as the input to the next run_timers()
 * call. So:
 * 
 *  - run_timers() tells the front end that the next timer firing
 *    is at time T, 10000ms from now.
 *  - Front end calls wait(10000ms).
 *  - Front end then immediately calls run_timers() and passes it
 *    time T, without stopping to check GETTICKCOUNT() at all.
 * 
 * This guarantees that the program wakes up only as many times as
 * there are actual timer actions to be taken, and that the timing
 * mechanism will never send it into a tight loop.
 * 
 * (It does also mean that the timer action in the above example
 * will occur 100ms early, but this is not generally critical. And
 * the hypothetical 1% error in wait() will be partially corrected
 * for anyway when, _after_ run_timers() returns, you call
 * GETTICKCOUNT() and compare the result with the returned `next'
 * value to find out how long you have to make your next wait().)
 */
typedef void (*timer_fn_t)(void *ctx, long now);
long schedule_timer(int ticks, timer_fn_t fn, void *ctx);
void expire_timer_context(void *ctx);
int run_timers(long now, long *next);
void timer_change_notify(long next);

#include "fzsftp.h"

#endif

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