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cmdline.c

/*
 * cmdline.c - command-line parsing shared between many of the
 * PuTTY applications
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "putty.h"

/*
 * Some command-line parameters need to be saved up until after
 * we've loaded the saved session which will form the basis of our
 * eventual running configuration. For this we use the macro
 * SAVEABLE, which notices if the `need_save' parameter is set and
 * saves the parameter and value on a list.
 * 
 * We also assign priorities to saved parameters, just to slightly
 * ameliorate silly ordering problems. For example, if you specify
 * a saved session to load, it will be loaded _before_ all your
 * local modifications such as -L are evaluated; and if you specify
 * a protocol and a port, the protocol is set up first so that the
 * port can override its choice of port number.
 * 
 * (In fact -load is not saved at all, since in at least Plink the
 * processing of further command-line options depends on whether or
 * not the loaded session contained a hostname. So it must be
 * executed immediately.)
 */

#define NPRIORITIES 2

struct cmdline_saved_param {
    char *p, *value;
};
struct cmdline_saved_param_set {
    struct cmdline_saved_param *params;
    int nsaved, savesize;
};

/*
 * C guarantees this structure will be initialised to all zero at
 * program start, which is exactly what we want.
 */
static struct cmdline_saved_param_set saves[NPRIORITIES];

static void cmdline_save_param(char *p, char *value, int pri)
{
    if (saves[pri].nsaved >= saves[pri].savesize) {
      saves[pri].savesize = saves[pri].nsaved + 32;
      saves[pri].params = sresize(saves[pri].params, saves[pri].savesize,
                            struct cmdline_saved_param);
    }
    saves[pri].params[saves[pri].nsaved].p = p;
    saves[pri].params[saves[pri].nsaved].value = value;
    saves[pri].nsaved++;
}

void cmdline_cleanup(void)
{
    int pri;

    for (pri = 0; pri < NPRIORITIES; pri++)
      sfree(saves[pri].params);
}

#define SAVEABLE(pri) do { \
    if (need_save) { cmdline_save_param(p, value, pri); return ret; } \
} while (0)

static char *cmdline_password = NULL;

/*
 * Similar interface to get_userpass_input(), except that here a -1
 * return means that we aren't capable of processing the prompt and
 * someone else should do it.
 */
int cmdline_get_passwd_input(prompts_t *p, unsigned char *in, int inlen) {

    static int tried_once = 0;

    /*
     * We only handle prompts which don't echo (which we assume to be
     * passwords), and (currently) we only cope with a password prompt
     * that comes in a prompt-set on its own.
     */
    if (!cmdline_password || in || p->n_prompts != 1 || p->prompts[0]->echo) {
      return -1;
    }

    /*
     * If we've tried once, return utter failure (no more passwords left
     * to try).
     */
    if (tried_once)
      return 0;

    strncpy(p->prompts[0]->result, cmdline_password,
          p->prompts[0]->result_len);
    p->prompts[0]->result[p->prompts[0]->result_len-1] = '\0';
    memset(cmdline_password, 0, strlen(cmdline_password));
    tried_once = 1;
    return 1;

}

/*
 * Here we have a flags word which describes the capabilities of
 * the particular tool on whose behalf we're running. We will
 * refuse certain command-line options if a particular tool
 * inherently can't do anything sensible. For example, the file
 * transfer tools (psftp, pscp) can't do a great deal with protocol
 * selections (ever tried running scp over telnet?) or with port
 * forwarding (even if it wasn't a hideously bad idea, they don't
 * have the select() infrastructure to make them work).
 */
int cmdline_tooltype = 0;

static int cmdline_check_unavailable(int flag, char *p)
{
    if (cmdline_tooltype & flag) {
      cmdline_error("option \"%s\" not available in this tool", p);
      return 1;
    }
    return 0;
}

#define UNAVAILABLE_IN(flag) do { \
    if (cmdline_check_unavailable(flag, p)) return ret; \
} while (0)

/*
 * Process a standard command-line parameter. `p' is the parameter
 * in question; `value' is the subsequent element of argv, which
 * may or may not be required as an operand to the parameter.
 * If `need_save' is 1, arguments which need to be saved as
 * described at this top of this file are, for later execution;
 * if 0, they are processed normally. (-1 is a special value used
 * by pterm to count arguments for a preliminary pass through the
 * argument list; it causes immediate return with an appropriate
 * value with no action taken.)
 * Return value is 2 if both arguments were used; 1 if only p was
 * used; 0 if the parameter wasn't one we recognised; -2 if it
 * should have been 2 but value was NULL.
 */

#define RETURN(x) do { \
    if ((x) == 2 && !value) return -2; \
    ret = x; \
    if (need_save < 0) return x; \
} while (0)

int cmdline_process_param(char *p, char *value, int need_save, Config *cfg)
{
    int ret = 0;

    if (!strcmp(p, "-load")) {
      RETURN(2);
      /* This parameter must be processed immediately rather than being
       * saved. */
      do_defaults(value, cfg);
      loaded_session = TRUE;
      return 2;
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-ssh")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      default_protocol = cfg->protocol = PROT_SSH;
      default_port = cfg->port = 22;
      return 1;
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-telnet")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      default_protocol = cfg->protocol = PROT_TELNET;
      default_port = cfg->port = 23;
      return 1;
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-rlogin")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      default_protocol = cfg->protocol = PROT_RLOGIN;
      default_port = cfg->port = 513;
      return 1;
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-raw")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      default_protocol = cfg->protocol = PROT_RAW;
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-v")) {
      RETURN(1);
      flags |= FLAG_VERBOSE;
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-l")) {
      RETURN(2);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      strncpy(cfg->username, value, sizeof(cfg->username));
      cfg->username[sizeof(cfg->username) - 1] = '\0';
    }
    if ((!strcmp(p, "-L") || !strcmp(p, "-R") || !strcmp(p, "-D"))) {
      char *fwd, *ptr, *q, *qq;
      int dynamic, i=0;
      RETURN(2);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      dynamic = !strcmp(p, "-D");
      fwd = value;
      ptr = cfg->portfwd;
      /* if existing forwards, find end of list */
      while (*ptr) {
          while (*ptr)
            ptr++;
          ptr++;
      }
      i = ptr - cfg->portfwd;
      ptr[0] = p[1];  /* insert a 'L', 'R' or 'D' at the start */
      ptr++;
      if (1 + strlen(fwd) + 2 > sizeof(cfg->portfwd) - i) {
          cmdline_error("out of space for port forwardings");
          return ret;
      }
      strncpy(ptr, fwd, sizeof(cfg->portfwd) - i - 2);
      if (!dynamic) {
          /*
           * We expect _at least_ two colons in this string. The
           * possible formats are `sourceport:desthost:destport',
           * or `sourceip:sourceport:desthost:destport' if you're
           * specifying a particular loopback address. We need to
           * replace the one between source and dest with a \t;
           * this means we must find the second-to-last colon in
           * the string.
           */
          q = qq = strchr(ptr, ':');
          while (qq) {
            char *qqq = strchr(qq+1, ':');
            if (qqq)
                q = qq;
            qq = qqq;
          }
          if (q) *q = '\t';          /* replace second-last colon with \t */
      }
      cfg->portfwd[sizeof(cfg->portfwd) - 1] = '\0';
      cfg->portfwd[sizeof(cfg->portfwd) - 2] = '\0';
      ptr[strlen(ptr)+1] = '\000';    /* append 2nd '\000' */
    }
    if ((!strcmp(p, "-nc"))) {
      char *host, *portp;

      RETURN(2);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);

      host = portp = value;
      while (*portp && *portp != ':')
          portp++;
      if (*portp) {
          unsigned len = portp - host;
          if (len >= sizeof(cfg->ssh_nc_host))
            len = sizeof(cfg->ssh_nc_host) - 1;
          memcpy(cfg->ssh_nc_host, value, len);
          cfg->ssh_nc_host[len] = '\0';
          cfg->ssh_nc_port = atoi(portp+1);
      } else {
          cmdline_error("-nc expects argument of form 'host:port'");
          return ret;
      }
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-m")) {
      char *filename, *command;
      int cmdlen, cmdsize;
      FILE *fp;
      int c, d;

      RETURN(2);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);

      filename = value;

      cmdlen = cmdsize = 0;
      command = NULL;
      fp = fopen(filename, "r");
      if (!fp) {
          cmdline_error("unable to open command "
                    "file \"%s\"", filename);
          return ret;
      }
      do {
          c = fgetc(fp);
          d = c;
          if (c == EOF)
            d = 0;
          if (cmdlen >= cmdsize) {
            cmdsize = cmdlen + 512;
            command = sresize(command, cmdsize, char);
          }
          command[cmdlen++] = d;
      } while (c != EOF);
      cfg->remote_cmd_ptr = command;
      cfg->remote_cmd_ptr2 = NULL;
      cfg->nopty = TRUE;      /* command => no terminal */
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-P")) {
      RETURN(2);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(1);                   /* lower priority than -ssh,-telnet */
      cfg->port = atoi(value);
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-pw")) {
      RETURN(2);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(1);
      /* We delay evaluating this until after the protocol is decided,
       * so that we can warn if it's of no use with the selected protocol */
      if (cfg->protocol != PROT_SSH)
          cmdline_error("the -pw option can only be used with the "
                    "SSH protocol");
      else {
          cmdline_password = dupstr(value);
          /* Assuming that `value' is directly from argv, make a good faith
           * attempt to trample it, to stop it showing up in `ps' output
           * on Unix-like systems. Not guaranteed, of course. */
          memset(value, 0, strlen(value));
      }
    }

    if (!strcmp(p, "-agent") || !strcmp(p, "-pagent") ||
      !strcmp(p, "-pageant")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      cfg->tryagent = TRUE;
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-noagent") || !strcmp(p, "-nopagent") ||
      !strcmp(p, "-nopageant")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      cfg->tryagent = FALSE;
    }

    if (!strcmp(p, "-A")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      cfg->agentfwd = 1;
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-a")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      cfg->agentfwd = 0;
    }

    if (!strcmp(p, "-X")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      cfg->x11_forward = 1;
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-x")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      cfg->x11_forward = 0;
    }

    if (!strcmp(p, "-t")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(1);      /* lower priority than -m */
      cfg->nopty = 0;
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-T")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(1);
      cfg->nopty = 1;
    }

    if (!strcmp(p, "-N")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_FILETRANSFER | TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      cfg->ssh_no_shell = 1;
    }

    if (!strcmp(p, "-C")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      cfg->compression = 1;
    }

    if (!strcmp(p, "-1")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      cfg->sshprot = 0;        /* ssh protocol 1 only */
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-2")) {
      RETURN(1);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      cfg->sshprot = 3;        /* ssh protocol 2 only */
    }

    if (!strcmp(p, "-i")) {
      RETURN(2);
      UNAVAILABLE_IN(TOOLTYPE_NONNETWORK);
      SAVEABLE(0);
      cfg->keyfile = filename_from_str(value);
    }

    if (!strcmp(p, "-4") || !strcmp(p, "-ipv4")) {
      RETURN(1);
      SAVEABLE(1);
      cfg->addressfamily = ADDRTYPE_IPV4;
    }
    if (!strcmp(p, "-6") || !strcmp(p, "-ipv6")) {
      RETURN(1);
      SAVEABLE(1);
      cfg->addressfamily = ADDRTYPE_IPV6;
    }

    return ret;                      /* unrecognised */
}

void cmdline_run_saved(Config *cfg)
{
    int pri, i;
    for (pri = 0; pri < NPRIORITIES; pri++)
      for (i = 0; i < saves[pri].nsaved; i++)
          cmdline_process_param(saves[pri].params[i].p,
                          saves[pri].params[i].value, 0, cfg);
}

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